Gilsonite solubility data

Gilsonite Solubility Data

  

Solvent:Gilsonite

Percent

Extraction Temperature

 

Solvent

 

Ratio

Soluble

°F

°C

 
        

Mineral Spirits
Heptane
Hexane

Pentane
Petroleum Ether

Ethanol
M-Propyl Alcohol
Nitro Methane
Nitro Ethane
Nitro Propane

2-Nitro Propane
Benzene
Toluene
Carbon Tetrachloride
Trichlorethylene

Furfuryl
Furfuryl Alcohol
Cellosolve
Methyl Cellosolve
Methyl Ethyl Ketone

Methyl Diisobutyl Ketone
Diisobutyl Ketone
Butyl Carbitol

Methyl Carbitol

Hexylene Glycol
Ethyl Acetate

Isopropyl Acetate

3:1
3:1
9:1
3:1
10:1
7:1

7:1
3:1
3:1
9:1
9:1

9:1
--
--
--
--

20:1
20:1
3:1
9:1
3:1

3:1
3:1
2:1
2:1
3:1

9:1
3:1
6:1
3:1
6:1

100
50
44
30
26
29.8

3.7
8.1
0
16
44

36
100
100
100
100

Nil
Nil
17.4
6.2
11.6

75
90
31.8
21.2
6.8

23.8
13
33
17.5
34.5

BP
RT
RT-100
RT-100
RT
97

BP
BP
195
228
230

--
RT
RT
RT
RT

RT
RT
BP
BP
RT

RT
RT
210
190
BP

260-270
RT
BP
RT
BP

  

38

 

38

 
  

36

 
  

91
109
110

 
  

99
88

 
  

127-133

 
  
    
     

Legend:

BP = Boiling Point

    
 

RT = Room Temperature (77°F, 25°C)

    
        

Alcohols

Methanol
Ethanol
1-Propanol
1-Butanol
Benzyl Alcohol
Tridecyl Alcohol

Aliphatic Hydrocarbons

Pentane
Hexane
Short rng. Min. spirits
Rule 66 mineral spirits
140 solvent
Low odor 140 solvent
47 solvent
470 solvent
Mineral seal oil

Alkyl Halides

Chloroform
Carbon Tetrachloride
Perchloroethylene
1,1,1-Trichloroethane
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene

Glycol Ethers

Diethylene glycol momomethyl ether
Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether acetate
Propylene glycol monophenyl ether

Ketones

Acetone
Methyl ethyl ketone
Methyl n-butyl ketone
Diisobutyl ketone

Amines

n-Propylamine
Butylamine
Cyclohexylamine
Toluidines
Morpholine

Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Benzene
Toluene
Ethylbenzene
Xylene
Aromatic 100 solvent
Aromatic 150 solvent

Esters

Ethyl acetate
n-Propyl acetate
iso-Butyl acetate
4-Methyl-2-pentanol acetate
iso-Butyl iso-butyrate

Glycol Ethers

Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether

Others

Ethylene glycol
Propylene glycol
Nitrobenzene
Ethyl ether
iso-Propyl ether
n-Butyl ether
Pine oil
Turpentine

----

Insoluble
Insoluble
Insoluble
Insoluble
Insoluble
Insoluble

----

Partially Soluble
Partially Soluble
Partially Soluble
Partially Soluble
Partially Soluble
Partially Soluble
Partially Soluble
Soluble
Soluble

----

Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Partially Soluble
Partially Soluble

----

Partially Soluble
Partially Soluble
Partially Soluble

----

Insoluble
Partially Soluble
Partially Soluble
Partially Soluble

----

Insoluble
Insoluble
Insoluble
Insoluble
Insoluble

----

Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble

----

Partially Soluble
Partially Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble

----

Insoluble

----

Insoluble
Insoluble
Partially Soluble
Partially Soluble
Partially Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble

 

          
 

The information contained in this list is based on the solubility parameters for Gilsonite in weak, medium and strong hydrogen bonding solvents. Common industrial solvents were classed as either soluble, partially soluble or insoluble in Gilsonite at ambient temperatures based on the following solubility parameters for Gilsonite:

8.0 to 9.4 (cal/cm³)^1/2
7.8 to 8.2 (cal/cm³)^1/2
None

 

Weak hydrogen-bonding solvents
Medium hydrogen-bonding solvents
Strong hydrogen-bonding solvents

 

Solvents more than 1.0 unit outside Gilsonite's solubility parameter range are considered insoluble. Solvents less than 1.0 unit outside Gilsonite's range are considered partially soluble. Solvents inside the range are considered soluble.

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